Universal Programs create a society of people committed to the role of government in their lives. The people of every strata understand the specific role of government as distinct from the role of the private sector. Ask someone in the UK about the NHS (National Healthcare System), it is revered. It is an identity that defines a place.

Additionally, Means Testing, as suggested by Senator Manchin is not Free. It costs money to stratify the governed. Consider the government bureaucracy that Means Testing creates! The allocated funds do not reach the sources they are intended to reach, Us.

If Manchin is concerned about spending, why does he promote Means Testing? Perhaps he has another goal in mind, and sees this ploy as the way to reach his unstated outcome. We sink or swim, together.


Expand full comment

Senator Manchin is out of line, and drunk on power.

Expand full comment